China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia. It is the world's most populous state, with a population of over 1.381 billion.[15] The PRC is a single-party state governed by theCommunist Party of China, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing.[16] It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau), and claims sovereignty over the Republic of China (island of Taiwan) off the southeast coast of the mainland.

(source wikpedia)

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